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Common Spring Definitions.

A broad range of spring related topics are involved with your manufacturing project.  Below are common spring definitions and a glossary of spring manufacturing terms.


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design,production and tooling review so you can be confident your project is handled correctly.

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Choosing the Right Spring Materials for Optimal Performance and Longevity

We offer a free

design,production and tooling review so you can be confident your project is handled correctly.

Connect with our design and production team to learn more.

Spiral Springs

Shama Spring specializes in precision-engineered springs for the aerospace industry. Our high-quality springs are designed to meet the stringent demands of aviation, ensuring safety and reliability in critical applications such as landing gear, control systems, and aircraft interiors. We are committed to providing lightweight and durable solutions that contribute to the success of aerospace projects.

Compression Springs

Compression springs are helical mechanical devices designed to absorb and store energy when subjected to axial compressive forces. They are characterized by their coiled or helical shape, constructed from a variety of materials, including steel and alloys. When compressed, these springs store potential energy and return to their original state when the force is removed. Compression springs find extensive use in applications where they provide resistance, absorb shocks, or maintain consistent force, such as in automotive suspensions, industrial machinery, and everyday objects like pens and mattresses, demonstrating their versatility and widespread utility across industries.

Die springs are heavy-duty mechanical compression springs designed for use in die machinery, such as stamping and pressing tools. They are known for their durability and ability to withstand high loads, providing consistent and predictable force. These springs play a crucial role in various industrial applications, ensuring precise and repeatable force for tasks such as ejecting, clamping, or holding materials.

Die Springs

Taper springs, also known as conical or tapered compression springs, are a specialized type of mechanical spring designed with a unique conical shape. They feature a larger diameter at one end that tapers down to a smaller diameter at the other end, resulting in a gradual reduction in coil size along their length.

These springs are engineered to provide varying levels of resistance to axial compressive forces as they compress, thanks to their tapered design. Taper springs find application in scenarios where precise load or force control is essential, such as in automotive suspension systems, clutches, and machinery requiring adjustable force mechanisms.

Taper Springs

Constant force springs are mechanical springs designed to provide a consistent and uniform force throughout their entire range of extension or contraction. Unlike traditional springs, which exert varying forces as they compress or extend, constant force springs deliver a steady force regardless of the degree of displacement.

These springs are typically made by tightly winding a strip of material onto a drum or spool, creating a tightly wound coil.

Constant Force Springs

Wireform springs are specialized mechanical springs that are shaped from a single piece of wire into various configurations to perform specific functions. These springs are known for their versatility and ability to serve a wide range of applications. Unlike coiled springs, which have a helical shape, wireform springs are typically bent or formed into shapes such as hooks, loops, or custom geometries.

Wire Form Springs

Torsion springs are mechanical springs characterized by their helical or coiled design and their unique ability to exert torque or rotational force when twisted or wound. Unlike compression or extension springs that primarily handle axial forces, torsion springs are designed to absorb and store mechanical energy through rotational motion. They typically have arms or legs at their ends, and when these arms are rotated, the spring resists the twisting force by exerting an equal and opposite torque. Torsion springs are utilized in a wide range of applications, such as garage doors, clipboards, and various machinery, where controlled rotational force or torque is required for proper functioning.

Torsion Springs

Medical springs, or medical coils, are specialized mechanical springs engineered for use in medical devices and applications. These springs are designed to meet the rigorous demands of the healthcare industry, adhering to strict standards for precision, biocompatibility, and performance. They are integral components in various medical equipment, including surgical instruments, diagnostic devices, patient support systems, and more, contributing to the accurate operation and functionality of these critical healthcare tools. Medical springs are crafted from materials suitable for medical environments and can withstand sterilization processes, ensuring their safety and reliability in healthcare settings.

Medical Springs / Medical Coils

Extension springs are mechanical springs designed to absorb and store energy when subjected to tensile or pulling forces. They are characterized by their elongated, coiled structure and typically feature hooks or loops at their ends for attachment. When a force is applied to extend the spring, it stores potential energy. Upon release of the force, the spring returns to its original, relaxed position, releasing the stored energy. Extension springs are widely used in various applications, including garage doors, trampolines, automotive components, and industrial machinery, where they provide tension, counterbalance, or facilitate the extension of parts and components.

Extension Springs
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